## Degree of an Array

Question Given a non-empty array of non-negative integers nums, the degree of this array is defined as the maximum frequency of any one of its elements. Your task is to find the smallest possible length of a (contiguous) subarray of nums, that has the same degree as nums. Example 1: Input: [1, 2, 2, 3, 1] Output: 2 Explanation: The input array has a degree of 2 because both elements 1 and 2 appear twice. [Read More]

## DI String match

Question Given a string S that only contains “I” (increase) or “D” (decrease), let N = S.length. Return any permutation A of [0, 1, …, N] such that for all i = 0, …, N-1: If S[i] == “I”, then A[i] < A[i+1] If S[i] == “D”, then A[i] > A[i+1] Example 1: Input: “IDID” Output: [0,4,1,3,2] Example 2: Input: “III” Output: [0,1,2,3] Example 3: Input: “DDI” Output: [3,2,0,1] [Read More]

## Self Dividing Numbers

Question A self-dividing number is a number that is divisible by every digit it contains. For example, 128 is a self-dividing number because 128 % 1 == 0, 128 % 2 == 0, and 128 % 8 == 0. Also, a self-dividing number is not allowed to contain the digit zero. Given a lower and upper number bound, output a list of every possible self dividing number, including the bounds if possible. [Read More]

## Rotate String

Question We are given two strings, A and B. A shift on A consists of taking string A and moving the leftmost character to the rightmost position. For example, if A = 'abcde', then it will be 'bcdea' after one shift on A. Return True if and only if A can become B after some number of shifts on A. Example 1: Input: A = 'abcde', B = 'cdeab' Output: true Example 2: [Read More]

## Number of Lines To Write String

Question We are to write the letters of a given string S, from left to right into lines. Each line has maximum width 100 units, and if writing a letter would cause the width of the line to exceed 100 units, it is written on the next line. We are given an array widths, an array where widths is the width of ‘a’, widths is the width of ‘b’, …, and widths is the width of ‘z’. [Read More]

## Positions of large groups

Question In a string S of lowercase letters, these letters form consecutive groups of the same character. For example, a string like S = "abbxxxxzyy" has the groups "a", "bb", "xxxx", "z" and "yy". Call a group large if it has 3 or more characters. We would like the starting and ending positions of every large group. The final answer should be in lexicographic order. Example 1: Input: "abbxxxxzzy" Output: [[3,6]] Explanation: "xxxx" is the single large group with starting 3 and ending positions 6. [Read More]

## Sort Array By Parity

Question Given an array A of non-negative integers, return an array consisting of all the even elements of A, followed by all the odd elements of A. You may return any answer array that satisfies this condition. Example 1: Input: [3,1,2,4] Output: [2,4,3,1] The outputs [4,2,3,1], [2,4,1,3], and [4,2,1,3] would also be accepted. Note: 1 <= A.length <= 5000 0 <= A[i] <= 5000 Solution: class Solution { public int[] sortArrayByParity(int[] A) { int[] result = new int[A. [Read More]

## Unique Morse Code Words

Question International Morse Code defines a standard encoding where each letter is mapped to a series of dots and dashes, as follows: "a" maps to ".-", "b" maps to "-...", "c" maps to "-.-.", and so on. For convenience, the full table for the 26 letters of the English alphabet is given below: [".-","-...","-.-.","-..",".","..-.","--.","....","..",".---","-.-",".-..","--", "-.","---",".--.","--.-",".-.","...","-","..-","...-",".--","-..-","-.--","--.."] Now, given a list of words, each word can be written as a concatenation of the Morse code of each letter. [Read More]

## To Lower Case

Question Implement function ToLowerCase() that has a string parameter str, and returns the same string in lowercase. Example 1: Input: "Hello" Output: "hello" Example 2: Input: "here" Output: "here" Example 3: Input: "LOVELY" Output: "lovely" See on Leetcode Solution class Solution { public String toLowerCase(String str) { // split string into char array char[] charArr = str.toCharArray(); /* Iterate through the char array and if the character is an ASCII upper case character (int value of 65 to 90) then add 32 to it to arrive to the lower case ASCII value. [Read More]